Seven Effective Methods of Comprehension


Comprehension Strategies are undoubtedly the result of conscious planning. These are based on a few guidelines and steps, which will not only enable the reader to master their reading, but also make them aware of the hidden symbols and metaphors in the text. The seven textual comprehension strategies outlined below have been helpful in fostering purposeful, active, and systematic study in students.

Monitoring Comprehension

Understanding textual comprehension refers to focusing on points during the study for which the lesson or text is being studied. Equipped with comprehension monitoring, students become consciously aware of aspects of comprehension, comprehension, and acquisition during the study. Even before studying the content, the article, and the text, they know the learning outcomes of the content and text. In addition to this, they also get acquainted with the strategies and their proper use in solving the problems and difficulties in understanding the books. According to educators and psychologists, it is impossible to develop active, controlled, and acquired learning in students by following the helpful guidelines in monitoring comprehension from the earliest levels. By following the guidelines for monitoring comprehension, students become aware of the comprehensible points of the text.

Identifies the incomprehensible points of the text. They also become familiar with the difficulties in understanding and the effective use of supportive strategies in overcoming them.


Metacognition refers to thinking about thinking. Good readers use metacognition strategies to reflect and control their study. Not only are they familiar with the study objectives before the study text. They also take good precautionary measures. In addition to monitoring their comprehension during the study, they work to determine the appropriate speed of the study in order to determine and correct comprehension problems in the text. Readers with metacognition also arrange for post-study comprehension of the material read. Students can use a variety of strategies to monitor comprehension.

  1. Identify areas where problems are encountered in the study text.
  2. For example, “I did not understand the second paragraph of page number 88.”
  3. Identify what difficulties you are having during the study.
  4. As if I didn’t understand the author’s words, “Arriving in Europe was a milestone in my grandmother’s life.”
  5. Write difficult parts (paragraphs), difficult sentences, and words in your simple words and sentences.
  6. Like, “Oh, the good writer says, coming to Europe was a very important event in his grandmother’s life.”
  7. Look at the back of the text for a better understanding

The author talked about Sultan in the second chapter, but I don’t remember much about it. Maybe, if I re-read this chapter, I would know about Sultan’s revenge Why is he behaving like this? ”

  1. Reading the next part also helps in a better understanding of the text.

As it is written in the text, “Groundwater forms streams or ponds or forms wet areas.” People can also bring groundwater to the surface. But I don’t understand, how do people do that? ”, Oh, bringing good groundwater to the surface means the way water is brought into the bowls. I will study in the next section. So that I know how to do it. ”

Graphic And Semantic Organization

In a graphic and semantic organization, the relationship between concepts and concepts is clearly presented using diagrams, such as maps, graphs, graphs, charts, frames or clusters, etc., which are called graphic and semantic organization.

Regardless of the labeling of the different parts of the images and sketches, the graphical and semantic organization allows the reader to focus on other concepts associated with the images and sketches. Graphic and Semantic Organization helps students to read, understand texts, pictures, maps, and sketches.


Teachers continue to help students until they become accustomed to applying the strategy. Effective text comprehension can be made possible through cooperative learning. Understand the overall instructions and texts provided and formulate strategies. In addition, teachers can help students develop effective textual comprehension and cognitive abilities through their role models and demonstrations.